Hazards

Driving HazardsWhat is a Hazard?

A hazard is any situation which could involve adjusting your speed or changing course.

To identify a hazard you must look well ahead for clues such as:

Roadsigns, parked vehicles, changes in road conditions, junctions, cyclists, motorcyclists, pedestrians, horse riders, animals, roadworks, roundabouts.

Observing What’s Ahead:

A skillful driver constantly watches and interprets what’s happening ahead.

Remember as soon as you’ve recognised a hazard, you must use the mirrors to assess:

  • How your actions will affect following traffic.

Allowing time and space:

Always leave yourself enough time and space to cope with what’s ahead:

  • Keep your eyes moving
  • Look well ahead
  • Check regularly on what’s following you
  • Watch for clues about what’s going to happen next

Example:

A parked car could spell danger if the driver is sitting in it. If you can see vapour from the exhaust in cold weather, this could indicate:

  • A door might open suddenly
  • A car might pull out without warning

Do:

Always drive at such a speed that you can stop safely within the distance you can see to be clear.

A good driver will constantly scan the road ahead and to the side and by frequent use of the mirrors, to be aware of the situation behind.

Don’t:

Drive beyond your limits of vision.

Approaching a bend, ask yourself:

  1. Can I see the full picture?
  2. How sharp is it?
  3. Am I in the right position?
  4. Is my speed right?
  5. What might I meet?
  6. Could I stop if I had to?

Approaching a junction, ask yourself:

  • Have I seen the whole junction?
  • Can other drivers see me?