Driving HazardsWhat is a Hazard?

A hazard is any situation which could involve adjusting your speed or changing course.

To identify a hazard you must look well ahead for clues such as:

Roadsigns, parked vehicles, changes in road conditions, junctions, cyclists, motorcyclists, pedestrians, horse riders, animals, roadworks, roundabouts.

Observing What’s Ahead:

A skillful driver constantly watches and interprets what’s happening ahead.

Remember as soon as you’ve recognised a hazard, you must use the mirrors to assess:

  • How your actions will affect following traffic.

Allowing time and space:

Always leave yourself enough time and space to cope with what’s ahead:

  • Keep your eyes moving
  • Look well ahead
  • Check regularly on what’s following you
  • Watch for clues about what’s going to happen next


A parked car could spell danger if the driver is sitting in it. If you can see vapour from the exhaust in cold weather, this could indicate:

  • A door might open suddenly
  • A car might pull out without warning


Always drive at such a speed that you can stop safely within the distance you can see to be clear.

A good driver will constantly scan the road ahead and to the side and by frequent use of the mirrors, to be aware of the situation behind.


Drive beyond your limits of vision.

Approaching a bend, ask yourself:

  1. Can I see the full picture?
  2. How sharp is it?
  3. Am I in the right position?
  4. Is my speed right?
  5. What might I meet?
  6. Could I stop if I had to?

Approaching a junction, ask yourself:

  • Have I seen the whole junction?
  • Can other drivers see me?

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