RoundaboutApproaching roundabouts look well ahead. The sign will enable you to select the most suitable lane on which to approach the roundabout.

  • Get into the correct lane in good time.
  • Don’t straddle lanes.
  • Never change lanes at last moment.


Adopt the following procedures unless road signs or markings indicate otherwise.

Going left:

  • Indicate left as you approach.
  • Approach in the left hand lane.
  • Keep to that lane on the roundabout.
  • Maintain a left turn signal through the roundabout.

Going straight ahead:

  • No signal is necessary.
  • Approach in the left-hand lane. Unless road marking indicate otherwise.
  • Keep the selected lane on the roundabout.
  • Check mirrors especially the nearside exterior mirror. That’s the left mirror.
  • Indicate left after you have passed the exit just before the one you intend to take.

Remember – When using the right-hand lane to go straight ahead be aware of traffic in the lane on your left.

Going right or full circle:

  • Indicate right as you approach.
  • Approach in the right hand lane.
  • Keep to that lane and maintain your signal on the roundabout.
  • Check your mirrors especially the nearside exterior mirror, (that’s the left mirror).
  • Indicate left after you have passed the exit just before the one you intend to take.

Gears for beginners

When people start to drive they sometimes find it hard to make sense of the gears.

This is a brief synopsis:

Driving GearsFirst gear – The most powerful, but slowest. Used for moving off, low speed clutch control and for manoeuvring.

Second gear – This gear is also powerful, but faster than first gear. It is useful for rapid acceleration and for driving at lower speed through some hazards.

Third gear – A faster gear, used for acceleration over 25km. Used for driving through some hazards.

Fourth gear – The most economical gear, with insufficient power for speeds of much lower than 50km. Used to provide progressive acceleration from about 50km and for cruising at constant speeds.

Fifth gear – Used as an aid for cruising at sustained higher speeds.

Learning to drive in Ireland

L Drivers

As you may know by know, as of the 4th of April 2011 all L Drivers are obliged to take 12 EDT lessons before sitting their driving test. In addition, a number of penal offences have been introduced for learner drivers. These include driving unaccompanied, not displaying L plates when driving, and the carrying of a passenger by a learner motorcyclist. These offences are punishable by a minimum of €1,000 fine for a first offence.

Driving School MallowAge

These are restrictions on what type of vehicle you can drive at what age. For example, you have to be 16 to ride a moped. 17 to drive a standard car, 18 to drive a truck and 21 to drive a bus.

L Plates

All learner permit holders with the exception of those who hold learner permits in category W (work vehicles/land tractors) must display L plates while they are driving.


All learner permit holders, with the exception of those who hold a learner permit category A1 (Motorcycles), A (Motorcycle not greater than 125cc) or M (Mopeds), must be accompanied by a qualified driver at all times while driving. A qualified driver who holds a full licence for a continuous period of two years, in respect of the vehicle category being driven by the learner permit holder. A person holding a category W (work vehicle/land tractor) learner permit is not permitted to carry a passenger unless the vehicle is constructed or adapted to carry a passenger and the passenger is a qualified driver – i.e. a person who has held a full licence for the vehicle category for at least two years.

Mandatory driving lessons before sitting driving test

Here is a brief explanation of whats entailed in the twelve driving lessons: the latest rules introduced by the RSA.

Driving Lessons

Brief outline of how 12 lessons should be carried out:

As of the 4th 2011, all new learner permit holders will have to do 12 lessons before they can sit their driving test, Lessons 1 to 8 must be taken in order of the syllabus. Lessons 9 to 12 can be taken in any order.

The RSA recommend you leave two weeks between lessons to allow for practice and learning.

This may involve further lessons with an ADI Instructor but must also include practice sessions with a sponsor or a mixture of both.


The Road Safety Authority publishes reference materials such as Rules if the Road and the Car Learner Manual, which you may find useful.

Spread lessons of 6 months:

To combine practice, study and instruction the RSA recommend that you should take at least six months to complete the 12 EDT lessons.

Getting a full driving license in Ireland

From April 4th, 2011, every learner driver is required to do 12 driving lessons before they can sit their driving test. Before you can start these lessons you have to pass a theory test and then apply for your learner permit.

You can apply for your theory test online at, by calling 1890 606 106 lo call rate or you can obtain an application form at your local Garda Station or Post Office. The fee for your theory test is €40.66 from February 1st, 2011. When you have passed your theory test you can apply for your Learner Permit provided that you are aged 17 years or over.

Driving Lessons MallowForms can be obtained from your local Garda Station or Post Office. A Learner Permit is generally issued for 2 years with a fee of €15.00. Now you can book your 12 lessons. When you start your driving lessons you will receive your log book from your Driving Instructor. The Instructor will stamp your log book at the end of each lesson. It is recommended while doing these lessons that you also practise accompanied by a sponsor.

When you are 6 months on the road you can apply for your driving test. Again application forms are available from your local Garda Station, Post Office or you can book online at The cost to apply for your B Licence (that is a car licence) is €85.00. The average waiting time from your driving test is 10 weeks. This can vary in different test centres. If you have any queries on your driving test you can ring the RSA (Road Safety Authority) on the lo call number 1890 40 6040.

Before your driving test you should familiarise yourself with the test routes with a qualified Driving Instructor.